Blog

Use this section to provide a description of your blog.

Karni Mata Temple

Posted by Shweta Modi

karni mata temple
Karni mata temple is located in Deshnok, 30 kms from Bikaner,Rajasthan and is dedicated to Karni mata, a famous mystic of her times, believed to be an incarnation of Goddess Durga  (known to remove evil, misery, pain from our lives). Karni mata was the sixth daughter of Mehoji charan and Deval devi born in the fourteenth century in a village of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. A night before when karni mata was born, Deval devi, dreamt that a Goddess appears and blesses her with the words that the Goddess will be born to you, as an incarnation of Goddess Durga.  The royal families of Bikaner and Jodhpur officialy worship Karni mata.
karni mata
It is one of the strangest temples in the world. The temple is home to over 20,000 rats which are treated as sacred. It is considered very lucky to spot a white rat in the temple. Apparently, even during the worst of plagues, the town of Deshnok was not affected. Strange but true, eating food that has been nibbled by the rats is considered to be a ‘high honor’. It is regarded auspicious, if a rat runs across one’s feet.  It is considered as that after Karni mata’s death, she became a rat. The Charan clans believe that once they die, they too will be re-incarnated as a rat and subsequently when a rat in the temple dies, it will be re-incarnated as a human again.
Karni mata lived for 150 years and remained young and beautiful. During her lifetime she performed many miracles and led her whole life to help all the needy people.
The temple was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh ji of Bikaner, which dated back to 15th century. There is beautiful marble facade in the temple which has solid silver doors, which are made in Mughal Rajput architecture style. The silver doors were donated by Maharaja on his visit to temple. The temple contains foot prints of Mata ji so symbolize her visit to the place. There is idol of karni mata holding Trishul and Mukut surrounds by the rats.
 To see the temple in full glory, visitors should come late at night or before sunrise, when the rats are out in full force, gathering food.
The karni mata fair is also very popular among the devotees and tourists. It is held twice a year. The first in March-April during Navratras and the second is held in September-October, also during the Navratras. During Navratras thousands of people travel to the temple by foot.
Read more
karni mata temple
Karni mata temple is located in Deshnok, 30 kms from Bikaner,Rajasthan and is dedicated to Karni mata, a famous mystic of her times, believed to be an incarnation of Goddess Durga  (known to remove evil, misery, pain from our lives). Karni mata was the sixth daughter of Mehoji charan and Deval devi born in the fourteenth century in a village of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. A night before when karni mata was born, Deval devi, dreamt that a Goddess appears and blesses her with the words that the Goddess will be born to you, as an incarnation of Goddess Durga.  The royal families of Bikaner and Jodhpur officialy worship Karni mata.
karni mata
It is one of the strangest temples in the world. The temple is home to over 20,000 rats which are treated as sacred. It is considered very lucky to spot a white rat in the temple. Apparently, even during the worst of plagues, the town of Deshnok was not affected. Strange but true, eating food that has been nibbled by the rats is considered to be a ‘high honor’. It is regarded auspicious, if a rat runs across one’s feet.  It is considered as that after Karni mata’s death, she became a rat. The Charan clans believe that once they die, they too will be re-incarnated as a rat and subsequently when a rat in the temple dies, it will be re-incarnated as a human again.
Karni mata lived for 150 years and remained young and beautiful. During her lifetime she performed many miracles and led her whole life to help all the needy people.
The temple was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh ji of Bikaner, which dated back to 15th century. There is beautiful marble facade in the temple which has solid silver doors, which are made in Mughal Rajput architecture style. The silver doors were donated by Maharaja on his visit to temple. The temple contains foot prints of Mata ji so symbolize her visit to the place. There is idol of karni mata holding Trishul and Mukut surrounds by the rats.
 To see the temple in full glory, visitors should come late at night or before sunrise, when the rats are out in full force, gathering food.
The karni mata fair is also very popular among the devotees and tourists. It is held twice a year. The first in March-April during Navratras and the second is held in September-October, also during the Navratras. During Navratras thousands of people travel to the temple by foot.
Read more

Navratri-Nine Divine Nights

Posted by Shweta Modi

Navratri is a nine day festival of Indians honoring the Mother Goddess and tenth day is celebrated as vijayadashmi or Dussehra, famous for the day when lord Ram killed Ravana. This celebration occurs twice a year. The first one is in the spring during March/April and the second one is in the fall during September/October, based on the lunar cycle. It is celebrated widely in every part of India with great enthusiasm with a different name of Goddess, like in Gujarat devotees worship as Goddess jagdamba while in West Bengal it is named as Durga Puja. In Kolkata people erected huge pandals at various places for Durga Puja and set up great idols of Mata Durga for worship. In Gujarat, Dandiya and Garba are the two popular dance forms which are performed by the people during Navratri festival and in Rajasthan people worship at Sheela Mata mandir especially at Amer fort, Jaipur, Harsha mata mandir,Abhaneri, Mehrangarh fort, Jjodhpur etc.In every state of India worshiping and celebration style is different but the devotion is same.

Navratri is not just a time to celebrate and of joy but is to attain over lasting happiness, peace and bliss through self-discipline, self-control and sacrifice. Every day the festivities begin with aarti focusing on the nine different manifestations of the Goddess each day. Mother goddess is the energy of the trinity as the creative aspect of Lord Brahma, sustaining aspect of Lord Vishnu and destructive aspect of Lord Shiva are all encompassed within her. The trinity of Goddesses Durga (known to remove evil, misery, pain from our lives), Lakshmi (Goddess of wealth) and Saraswati (Goddess of knowledge) together represent feminine energy that provides protection, love, prosperity and knowledge.

Nav-Durga is spiritually significant because it represents the three stages of an individual’s spiritual journey:-

  • self-purification- eradication of the negative tendencies of our minds and hearts. People pray to Mother Goddess, asking her to use her destructive power to destroy all imperfections and faults.
  • self transformation-– after self purification, the next three days of Navratri are devoted to worshiping the Goddess in her prosperity- bestowing form as Lakshmi. Goddess Lakshmi doesnot merely bestow material prosperity but also grants qualities such as calmness, peace, compassion, happiness, positive attitude and love.
  • self- realization- during last three days, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped as the bestower of the true light of knowledge, wisdom and understanding.

Navratri is not just a time to celebrate Mother Goddess victory over the demons; it is also the time to pray to Mother Goddess to remove our enemies within us like anger, selfish desires, greed, ego and undue attachments.

Happy Navratri to all of you!

 

 

Read more

Navratri is a nine day festival of Indians honoring the Mother Goddess and tenth day is celebrated as vijayadashmi or Dussehra, famous for the day when lord Ram killed Ravana. This celebration occurs twice a year. The first one is in the spring during March/April and the second one is in the fall during September/October, based on the lunar cycle. It is celebrated widely in every part of India with great enthusiasm with a different name of Goddess, like in Gujarat devotees worship as Goddess jagdamba while in West Bengal it is named as Durga Puja. In Kolkata people erected huge pandals at various places for Durga Puja and set up great idols of Mata Durga for worship. In Gujarat, Dandiya and Garba are the two popular dance forms which are performed by the people during Navratri festival and in Rajasthan people worship at Sheela Mata mandir especially at Amer fort, Jaipur, Harsha mata mandir,Abhaneri, Mehrangarh fort, Jjodhpur etc.In every state of India worshiping and celebration style is different but the devotion is same.

Navratri is not just a time to celebrate and of joy but is to attain over lasting happiness, peace and bliss through self-discipline, self-control and sacrifice. Every day the festivities begin with aarti focusing on the nine different manifestations of the Goddess each day. Mother goddess is the energy of the trinity as the creative aspect of Lord Brahma, sustaining aspect of Lord Vishnu and destructive aspect of Lord Shiva are all encompassed within her. The trinity of Goddesses Durga (known to remove evil, misery, pain from our lives), Lakshmi (Goddess of wealth) and Saraswati (Goddess of knowledge) together represent feminine energy that provides protection, love, prosperity and knowledge.

Nav-Durga is spiritually significant because it represents the three stages of an individual’s spiritual journey:-

  • self-purification- eradication of the negative tendencies of our minds and hearts. People pray to Mother Goddess, asking her to use her destructive power to destroy all imperfections and faults.
  • self transformation-– after self purification, the next three days of Navratri are devoted to worshiping the Goddess in her prosperity- bestowing form as Lakshmi. Goddess Lakshmi doesnot merely bestow material prosperity but also grants qualities such as calmness, peace, compassion, happiness, positive attitude and love.
  • self- realization- during last three days, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped as the bestower of the true light of knowledge, wisdom and understanding.

Navratri is not just a time to celebrate Mother Goddess victory over the demons; it is also the time to pray to Mother Goddess to remove our enemies within us like anger, selfish desires, greed, ego and undue attachments.

Happy Navratri to all of you!

 

 

Read more

Kalbeliya - Dance of Rajasthan

Posted by Shweta Modi

Rajasthan has been a heaven of various folk art forms. A medieval history includes the existence of princely states, which provided patronage to these art forms and their artists. Vibrant, vigorous and graceful the dances of Rajasthan evoke the desert in all its moods. The desert comes alive when the local Rajasthan performer performs the folk dances that leave the people amazed.
kalbeliya
The kalbeliyas, is a snake charmer community from Rajasthan, which performs Kalbeliya dance. They are renowned dancers, musicians and snake charmers and are identified as ‘gypsies’ in modern Indian culture. Kalbeliya is a nomadic community who sometimes introduces themselves as Saperas or Sadhu. Their traditional business is to catch snakes and to trade snake venom. Traditionally Kalbeliya men carried cobras in cane baskets from door to door in villages while their women sang and danced for alms. They revere cobras and advocate non-killing of the reptiles. Since the enactment of the wildlife act,1972 the Kalbeliyas have been pushed out of their traditional profession of snake handling. Today, performing arts are a major source of income for them and they have widespread recognition within and outside India.
kalbeliya
The kalbeliya dancers are exceptionally flexible, they perform beautiful stunts as they twist and turn their bodies in myriad ways, as is humanly possible. Sometimes they balance utensils, one or several upon their heads, or use swords and blades to carry out difficult maneuvers. The dancers are women in flowing black skirts who dance and swirl, replicating the movement of a serpent. The male participants take care of the musical part of the dance. They use the different instruments such as the pungi (a wooden wind instrument traditionally played to capture snakes), dufli, been, khanjari, morchang, dholak to create the rhythm on which the dancers perform. The dancers are tattooed in traditional designs and wear traditional jewellery, bangles, armlets, vibrant bindis, garments richly embroidered with small mirrors, silver thread and colorful ribbons. As the performance progress the rhythm becomes faster and faster and so does the dance. The harmony of their performance is amazing! These songs and dances are part of an oral tradition that is handed down generations and for which there are neither texts nor training manuals.
In 2010, the kalbeliya folk songs and dances of Rajasthan were declared part of its intangible heritage list by the UNESCO.
Read more
Rajasthan has been a heaven of various folk art forms. A medieval history includes the existence of princely states, which provided patronage to these art forms and their artists. Vibrant, vigorous and graceful the dances of Rajasthan evoke the desert in all its moods. The desert comes alive when the local Rajasthan performer performs the folk dances that leave the people amazed.
kalbeliya
The kalbeliyas, is a snake charmer community from Rajasthan, which performs Kalbeliya dance. They are renowned dancers, musicians and snake charmers and are identified as ‘gypsies’ in modern Indian culture. Kalbeliya is a nomadic community who sometimes introduces themselves as Saperas or Sadhu. Their traditional business is to catch snakes and to trade snake venom. Traditionally Kalbeliya men carried cobras in cane baskets from door to door in villages while their women sang and danced for alms. They revere cobras and advocate non-killing of the reptiles. Since the enactment of the wildlife act,1972 the Kalbeliyas have been pushed out of their traditional profession of snake handling. Today, performing arts are a major source of income for them and they have widespread recognition within and outside India.
kalbeliya
The kalbeliya dancers are exceptionally flexible, they perform beautiful stunts as they twist and turn their bodies in myriad ways, as is humanly possible. Sometimes they balance utensils, one or several upon their heads, or use swords and blades to carry out difficult maneuvers. The dancers are women in flowing black skirts who dance and swirl, replicating the movement of a serpent. The male participants take care of the musical part of the dance. They use the different instruments such as the pungi (a wooden wind instrument traditionally played to capture snakes), dufli, been, khanjari, morchang, dholak to create the rhythm on which the dancers perform. The dancers are tattooed in traditional designs and wear traditional jewellery, bangles, armlets, vibrant bindis, garments richly embroidered with small mirrors, silver thread and colorful ribbons. As the performance progress the rhythm becomes faster and faster and so does the dance. The harmony of their performance is amazing! These songs and dances are part of an oral tradition that is handed down generations and for which there are neither texts nor training manuals.
In 2010, the kalbeliya folk songs and dances of Rajasthan were declared part of its intangible heritage list by the UNESCO.
Read more

Ganesha Chaturthi - A Divine Celebration

Long drawn celebrations and festivities are a part of the social and cultural fabric of India.Among the many religious and social customs that mark the diverse festive calendar of Indians, Ganesha Chaturthi is a very important religious occasion. Ganesha Chaturthi celebration is about the birth of the Elephant headed god, Ganesha. He is the youngest son of lord Shiva and goddess Parvati. Celebrating the birth of lord Ganesha, Ganpati festival is observed on a grand scale in India. Cities come alive with colors and streets processions, making it one of the most interesting ones to see.

 

The preparation of Ganesha chaturthi start a lot earlier in the year, with work on the big and small clay idols starting several months in advance. Artisans create idols of Lord Ganesha to be worshipped by the people either in the streets or in private ceremonies. 

Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated on the fourth day of Shukla Paksh (Waxing phase of the moon). In most places in India it is a day to invoke Ganesha the god of wisdom, prosperity, good fortune and art & sciences. On this day devotees worship Ganesha idols, perform aarti and offer prasad of fruits and sweets especially modak (a delicacy prepared from rice flour, jaggery and coconut), which is considered to be the favorite of lord Ganesha. Lord Ganesha has always held an important place in the hearts of all the Indians. As per the mythology, any prayer or start of a new project must start with the prayers of lord Ganesha. 

 ganesh chaturthi

 

Story Of Ganesha Chaturthi

According to Hindu Mythology scriptures, Lord Ganesha was formed by goddess Parvati, wife of lord Shiva. It is said that one day Parvati formed a sculpture from the paste that she used on her body before taking bath. She infused life in that figure and ordered him to guard the entrance of her bathroom. God Shiva returned and was stopped at the entrance of his house by that boy. In extreme rage, Shiva struck off the boy's head. This incident filled Parvati with utter grief and requested Shiva to return her son. Then, Shiva fixed the head of an elephant and restored life to the body of that boy. Lord Shiva named this boy as Ganpati. Gan means Hosts and Pati means chief and blessed him further that he would be worshipped before every new venture.

 ganesh chaturthi

In Andhra pradesh (India) and Maharashtra (India), Ganesha chaturthi is celebrated for ten days and in other parts of India, it is celebrated for one day on the Ganesha chaturthi day.

The origin of public celebration of Ganesha festival is traced to the period of Chatarpati Shivaji Maharaja,the great Maratha ruler who asked people to perform public celebration to promote culture and nationalism in 17th century. The large scale Ganesha festival of today was revived by Lokmanya Bal Gangadha Tilak, freedom fighter, in the last decade of 19th century in Pune (India) to spread the message of freedom struggle and to defy the British who had banned public assemblies.

 

SHRI GANESHA STUTI & AARTI

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Ek Dant Dayavant, Chaar Bhuja Dhaari

Maathe Pe Sindhoor Sohe, Muse Ki Savari

Paan Chadhe, Phul Chadhe, Aur Chadhe Meva

Ladduan Ka Bhog Lage, Sant Kare Seva

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Andhan Ko Aankh Det, Kodhin Ko Kaaya

Baanjhan Ko Putra Det, Nirdhan Ko Maaya

Surya Shaam Sharan Aye, Safalki Je Seva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati, Pita Mahadeva 

Read more
Long drawn celebrations and festivities are a part of the social and cultural fabric of India.Among the many religious and social customs that mark the diverse festive calendar of Indians, Ganesha Chaturthi is a very important religious occasion. Ganesha Chaturthi celebration is about the birth of the Elephant headed god, Ganesha. He is the youngest son of lord Shiva and goddess Parvati. Celebrating the birth of lord Ganesha, Ganpati festival is observed on a grand scale in India. Cities come alive with colors and streets processions, making it one of the most interesting ones to see.

 

The preparation of Ganesha chaturthi start a lot earlier in the year, with work on the big and small clay idols starting several months in advance. Artisans create idols of Lord Ganesha to be worshipped by the people either in the streets or in private ceremonies. 

Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated on the fourth day of Shukla Paksh (Waxing phase of the moon). In most places in India it is a day to invoke Ganesha the god of wisdom, prosperity, good fortune and art & sciences. On this day devotees worship Ganesha idols, perform aarti and offer prasad of fruits and sweets especially modak (a delicacy prepared from rice flour, jaggery and coconut), which is considered to be the favorite of lord Ganesha. Lord Ganesha has always held an important place in the hearts of all the Indians. As per the mythology, any prayer or start of a new project must start with the prayers of lord Ganesha. 

 ganesh chaturthi

 

Story Of Ganesha Chaturthi

According to Hindu Mythology scriptures, Lord Ganesha was formed by goddess Parvati, wife of lord Shiva. It is said that one day Parvati formed a sculpture from the paste that she used on her body before taking bath. She infused life in that figure and ordered him to guard the entrance of her bathroom. God Shiva returned and was stopped at the entrance of his house by that boy. In extreme rage, Shiva struck off the boy's head. This incident filled Parvati with utter grief and requested Shiva to return her son. Then, Shiva fixed the head of an elephant and restored life to the body of that boy. Lord Shiva named this boy as Ganpati. Gan means Hosts and Pati means chief and blessed him further that he would be worshipped before every new venture.

 ganesh chaturthi

In Andhra pradesh (India) and Maharashtra (India), Ganesha chaturthi is celebrated for ten days and in other parts of India, it is celebrated for one day on the Ganesha chaturthi day.

The origin of public celebration of Ganesha festival is traced to the period of Chatarpati Shivaji Maharaja,the great Maratha ruler who asked people to perform public celebration to promote culture and nationalism in 17th century. The large scale Ganesha festival of today was revived by Lokmanya Bal Gangadha Tilak, freedom fighter, in the last decade of 19th century in Pune (India) to spread the message of freedom struggle and to defy the British who had banned public assemblies.

 

SHRI GANESHA STUTI & AARTI

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Ek Dant Dayavant, Chaar Bhuja Dhaari

Maathe Pe Sindhoor Sohe, Muse Ki Savari

Paan Chadhe, Phul Chadhe, Aur Chadhe Meva

Ladduan Ka Bhog Lage, Sant Kare Seva

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Andhan Ko Aankh Det, Kodhin Ko Kaaya

Baanjhan Ko Putra Det, Nirdhan Ko Maaya

Surya Shaam Sharan Aye, Safalki Je Seva

Mata Jaaki Parvati Pita Mahadeva

Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva

Mata Jaaki Parvati, Pita Mahadeva 

Read more

Jaisalmer Fort

Posted by Shweta Modi

"At the break of dawn, Jaisalmer Fort shines like a golden tiara atop the lofty hill"

 jaisalmer fort

 Jaisalmer fort is a monument worth visiting and worth retaining in your conscious mind. It is a world heritage site declared by UNESCO. It is situated in the city of Jaisalmer,Rajasthan(India). It is the second oldest of Rajasthan's major forts after Chittorgarh. It was built in 1156 AD by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaiswal. The fort stands amidst the sandy expanse of the great Thar desert on Trikuta hill, and has been the scene of many battles. Its massive yellow sand stone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, fading to honey gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason it is also known as Sonar Quila (Golden Fort). The fort is 1500 ft long and 750 ft wide and is built on a hill that raises above a height of 250 ft above the surrounding country side and about 5000 people still resides in its imposing walls.

The fort is on a site that legend says Maharaja chose on the advice of a wise hermit. The mystic tells the Jaiswal that the Hindu deity Lord Krishna had praised the spot and therefore, a fort built there would be almost invisible to the king's enemies. Indeed, from 30 miles away, visitors see only a sheer golden cliff. He built this fort as his capital, as the earlier fort Lodurva was too vulnerable to invasions.

 jaisalmer fort

 The soft yellow Jurassic sandstone makes up every part of the Jaisalmer fort, from its outer walls to the palace, temples and houses within. The fort is 250 ft tall and from it, one can see almost every part of the town. It has as many as 99 bastions, 92 of which were built between 1633 and 1647 to be used as gun platforms.  There are 4 huge getaways named as Ganesh Pol, Suraj Pol, Bhoot Pol and Hawa Pol. There was death well, where traitors and criminals were thrown into by the second gate. The road to the main chowk is by the fourth gateway where many acts of Johar (self-immolation) have taken place. 

While the city was built, there exists many beautiful Havelis and group of Jain temples. There are thousands of carved deities and dancing figures housed here. Inside the temple there is a Gyan bhandar (library). It contains more than 1000 old manuscripts. It has also a collection of Jain, pre-mogul and Rajput paintings.

The fort also has a peculiar gadget hoisted on top of its ramparts, this was used to forecast the weather. Every year in April a flag would be placed in its center, and based on the direction in which it blew, the weather for the entire year was forecast. If it blew northwards it indicated famine and if it went westwards, it indicated fine monsoon. It may seem a bit primitive today but the system was probably just as accurate or inaccurate as the meteorological department office nowadays.

The famous Indian film director Satyajit Ray wrote the Sonar kella ( The golden fortress), a detective novel, based on the fort and he filmed it here. 

 

 

Read more

"At the break of dawn, Jaisalmer Fort shines like a golden tiara atop the lofty hill"

 jaisalmer fort

 Jaisalmer fort is a monument worth visiting and worth retaining in your conscious mind. It is a world heritage site declared by UNESCO. It is situated in the city of Jaisalmer,Rajasthan(India). It is the second oldest of Rajasthan's major forts after Chittorgarh. It was built in 1156 AD by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaiswal. The fort stands amidst the sandy expanse of the great Thar desert on Trikuta hill, and has been the scene of many battles. Its massive yellow sand stone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, fading to honey gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason it is also known as Sonar Quila (Golden Fort). The fort is 1500 ft long and 750 ft wide and is built on a hill that raises above a height of 250 ft above the surrounding country side and about 5000 people still resides in its imposing walls.

The fort is on a site that legend says Maharaja chose on the advice of a wise hermit. The mystic tells the Jaiswal that the Hindu deity Lord Krishna had praised the spot and therefore, a fort built there would be almost invisible to the king's enemies. Indeed, from 30 miles away, visitors see only a sheer golden cliff. He built this fort as his capital, as the earlier fort Lodurva was too vulnerable to invasions.

 jaisalmer fort

 The soft yellow Jurassic sandstone makes up every part of the Jaisalmer fort, from its outer walls to the palace, temples and houses within. The fort is 250 ft tall and from it, one can see almost every part of the town. It has as many as 99 bastions, 92 of which were built between 1633 and 1647 to be used as gun platforms.  There are 4 huge getaways named as Ganesh Pol, Suraj Pol, Bhoot Pol and Hawa Pol. There was death well, where traitors and criminals were thrown into by the second gate. The road to the main chowk is by the fourth gateway where many acts of Johar (self-immolation) have taken place. 

While the city was built, there exists many beautiful Havelis and group of Jain temples. There are thousands of carved deities and dancing figures housed here. Inside the temple there is a Gyan bhandar (library). It contains more than 1000 old manuscripts. It has also a collection of Jain, pre-mogul and Rajput paintings.

The fort also has a peculiar gadget hoisted on top of its ramparts, this was used to forecast the weather. Every year in April a flag would be placed in its center, and based on the direction in which it blew, the weather for the entire year was forecast. If it blew northwards it indicated famine and if it went westwards, it indicated fine monsoon. It may seem a bit primitive today but the system was probably just as accurate or inaccurate as the meteorological department office nowadays.

The famous Indian film director Satyajit Ray wrote the Sonar kella ( The golden fortress), a detective novel, based on the fort and he filmed it here. 

 

 

Read more